Bapaume was occupied by the Germans on 26 September 1914. In 1916 Bapaume was one of the towns considered to be strategic objectives by the allies in the framework of the Battle of the Somme. Despite all the grand intentions to have been taken in the first few days of the offensive, the town was not taken by the British until 17 March 1917 following the withdrawal of the German army east to the Hindenberg Line. On 24 March 1918, the Germans took over the city again in their last-
Later in 1918 the Second Battle of Bapaume was fought between 21 August–3 September as part of the second phase of the Battle of Amiens, the British and Commonwealth attack that was the turning point of the First World War on the Western Front and the beginning of the Allies' Hundred Days Offensive. Improved armoured support and artillery bombardment weakened once impregnable positions and helped the Allied forces tear holes through trench lines.
On 29 August the New Zealand Division, after heavy fighting, occupied Bapaume, having broken through, with the British 5th Infantry Division, the very strong Le Transloy-
After the armistice the slow and dangerous work of de-